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Кolodnyansky members of the clandestine in a do or die battles with the occupiers


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In July 1941, from the railroad workers of the Kolodnya station, which was located on the edge of Smolensk, and local Komsomols it was formed a small mopping-up detachment, which had to protect the railways, station buildings and other important objects from Nazi saboteurs. The commander of the detachment was appointed Lieutenant Grishin, the commissioner — N. Larikov. When the Nazis invaded to Smolensk, the railway volunteers fought with them, together with the regular soldiers of the 46th Division of the Red Army.

The battle for the city continued for two weeks. In July 29 the Germans managed to seize Smolensk; there parts came to Kolodnya, and attacked the mopping-up detachment, occupied the checkpoint, located near the station, immediately. The forces were unequal, and soon the unit was almost completely destroyed, and the few survived fighters were forced to withdraw.

However, they were not going to hide at their homes, and began clandestine organization at the first days of occupation. But among the heroes there were also were traitors, who turned over brave patriots to the enemy. In August 1, 1941 on the banks of the Dnieper River, near the village, 17 communists and komsomol members were killed. German punitive machine tried to protect occupant rears, rushing to Moscow …

Yet members of the clandestine continued to struggle with the hated invaders. The communists B. Chugunov and Y. Gugo controlled the actions of the Kolodnya organization. In August, the Patriots blew up a German ammunition dump and burned a railroad platform truck, wrecking the locomotive. But the Nazis did not doze: in August 26, they were captured and shoot more than thirty clandestine members, including the leaders of the organization.

Now on the Kolodniya station forecourt on that place, where housed the enemy commander’s office, where the members of the clandestine were interrogated and tortured, there is a memorial sign. This five-meter reinforced concrete stele in its upper part is the image of the Order of the Patriotic War, and in it’s bottom there is a marble plaque with the inscription:

«Heroes of the Kolodnya clandestine, fought bravely against the Nazi invaders during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.

Kolodnya villagers. »
A memorial sign was unveil in September 1973 — to celebrate the 30th anniversary of Smolensk liberation from German occupation.
Currently, this is a memorable place – a railway station Kolodnya — an object of cultural heritage (the monument of history and culture) of regional importance «Kolodnya Railway station, where from August 1941 to January 1942 operated a clandestine group».